do border collies shed

Do Border Collies Shed? The Furry Details!

If you’re considering welcoming a Border Collie into your home, or if you’re already a proud owner, you’ve likely wondered do Border Collies shed.

This comprehensive guide will dive into the specifics of Border Collie shedding, providing insights into why they shed, how much they shed, and how you can effectively manage it.

Understanding Border Collie Coats

To fully grasp the shedding patterns of Border Collies, it’s essential to first understand the unique characteristics of their coat.

The Double Coat

Border Collies are equipped with a double coat, a feature that serves them well in various weather conditions. This double coat comprises two layers: the topcoat and the undercoat. (1)

The topcoat consists of tougher guard hairs that shield the dog from dirt and moisture, while the undercoat is softer, providing insulation against extreme temperatures.

Rough Coat vs. Smooth Coat

Border Collies can sport either a rough or a smooth coat. The rough coat is characterized by longer hair and feathering around the chest, legs, and belly. In contrast, a smooth coat has shorter hair with minimal to no feathering.

Each coat type has its own grooming requirements and can influence the degree of shedding.

So, Do Border Collies Shed?

Yes, Border Collies do shed. They have a double coat, which means they have a soft undercoat and a longer outer coat. The undercoat is designed to keep them warm in cold weather, while the outer coat protects them from the elements.

During shedding season, which is typically spring and fall, Border Collies will lose their undercoat and grow a new one.

Shedding in Border Collies

Shedding is a natural process for Border Collies, as it is for many dog breeds. However, the extent and pattern of shedding can vary significantly, influenced by factors such as the dog’s health, diet, and the changing seasons.

Why Do Border Collies Shed?

Border Collies shed to renew their coat and regulate their body temperature according to the seasons. The shedding process helps them remove old and damaged hair, making way for new growth.

It’s a natural and healthy process that shouldn’t be a cause for concern unless it’s excessive or accompanied by other symptoms.

Shedding Frequency and Volume

While Border Collies shed throughout the year, you’ll notice an increase in shedding during certain times, typically at the onset of new seasons. This is often referred to as “blowing the coat,” where they shed their undercoat more heavily to adjust to the changing weather.

Seasonal Shedding Patterns

Border Collies typically have two major shedding seasons: at the start of summer, when they shed their winter coat to stay cool, and at the beginning of fall, when they shed their summer coat to make way for a denser winter coat.

Understanding these patterns can help you anticipate and manage the shedding effectively.

Factors Influencing Border Collie Shedding

Several factors can influence the extent and frequency of shedding in Border Collies. Understanding these can help you manage the shedding more effectively and ensure your pet’s overall health.

Diet and Shedding

The quality of your Border Collie’s diet can significantly impact their shedding. A diet lacking in essential nutrients can lead to poor coat health and increased shedding.

Conversely, a balanced diet rich in high-quality proteins, fats, and specific vitamins and minerals can promote a healthy coat and minimize unnecessary shedding.

Stress and Shedding

Just like humans, dogs can experience stress, which can manifest in various ways, including increased shedding.

Border Collies are particularly sensitive and may respond to changes in their environment or routine by shedding more than usual. Ensuring a stable, calm environment can help minimize stress-induced shedding.

Allergies and Shedding

Allergies can also contribute to increased shedding in Border Collies. These can be food allergies or environmental allergies, such as pollen or dust mites.

Allergies often cause skin irritation, leading to increased scratching and, consequently, more shedding. If you suspect your Border Collie has an allergy, it’s important to consult a vet for diagnosis and treatment.

Read Also: Are Border Collies Hypoallergenic? Debunking Allergy Myths

Over-Washing and Shedding

While it’s important to keep your Border Collie clean, over-washing can strip the natural oils from their coat, leading to dry skin and increased shedding. It’s generally recommended to bathe Border Collies only when necessary and to use a dog-friendly, moisturizing shampoo.

Parasites and Shedding

Parasites, such as fleas and ticks, can cause skin irritation and lead to increased shedding. Regular parasite control is crucial to prevent infestations and maintain your Border Collie’s coat health.

Other Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as hormonal imbalances or skin disorders, can cause excessive shedding. If your Border Collie is shedding excessively or you notice other symptoms, such as skin redness, sores, or changes in appetite or behavior, it’s important to consult a vet.

Managing and Controlling Border Collie Shedding

While you can’t stop a Border Collie from shedding, there are several strategies you can employ to manage and control it effectively. These methods can help keep your home cleaner and your pet more comfortable.

Regular Brushing

Regular brushing is one of the most effective ways to manage Border Collie shedding. Brushing not only removes loose hairs before they end up on your furniture but also distributes the natural oils in your dog’s coat, promoting healthier skin and hair.

During shedding season, daily brushing can be beneficial, while brushing 2-3 times a week can suffice during the rest of the year.

Use of Grooming Tools

Certain grooming tools, like an undercoat rake or a deshedding tool, can be particularly effective for managing Border Collie shedding. These tools are designed to reach the undercoat and remove loose hairs effectively. Remember to use these tools gently to avoid hurting your pet.

Bathing and Shedding

Bathing can help loosen and remove dead hairs, reducing the amount of shedding post-bath. However, remember not to over-bathe your Border Collie as it can lead to dry skin and increased shedding.

Using a dog-friendly, moisturizing shampoo can help maintain the health of your dog’s skin and coat.

Diet and Shedding

Feeding your Border Collie a balanced, high-quality diet can help improve their coat health and reduce excessive shedding. Look for dog food that lists high-quality sources of protein and fat as the first ingredients and doesn’t contain fillers like corn, wheat, or soy.

Stress Management

Since stress can lead to increased shedding, providing a stable, calm environment for your Border Collie can help manage shedding. Regular exercise, mental stimulation, and a consistent routine can all contribute to reducing stress in your pet.

Common Questions about Border Collie Shedding

When it comes to Border Collie shedding, several questions frequently come up. Here, we address some of the most common ones.

When Do Border Collie Puppies Start Shedding?

While Border Collie puppies do shed, their shedding is usually less noticeable than that of adults. Puppies typically start to shed their puppy coat and grow their adult coat between 4 to 6 months of age. The adult coat is denser and requires more grooming.

Can Border Collies Be Shaved to Reduce Shedding?

While it might be tempting to shave your Border Collie during the hot summer months or to reduce shedding, it’s generally not recommended.

The double coat serves to protect the dog from both heat and cold, and shaving can interfere with this natural insulation system. Instead, regular grooming is the best way to manage shedding.

How Much Do Border Collies Shed?

Border Collies are considered moderate to heavy shedders. They shed consistently throughout the year, with two peak shedding seasons at the start of summer and fall. During these times, you might notice a significant increase in loose hair around your home.

Are Border Collies Low Shedding?

No, Border Collies are not considered a low-shedding breed. Their double coat sheds regularly, and the volume of shedding can be quite high during the shedding seasons.

Why Is My Border Collie Shedding So Much?

If your Border Collie seems to be shedding excessively or more than usual, it could be due to a variety of factors. These could include dietary issues, stress, allergies, parasites, or other medical conditions. If you’re concerned about your Border Collie’s shedding, it’s best to consult a vet.


Understanding and managing Border Collie shedding can seem like a daunting task, especially during the peak shedding seasons. However, remember that shedding is a natural and healthy process for Border Collies, helping them regulate their body temperature and maintain a healthy coat.

Regular grooming, a balanced diet, stress management, and timely vet check-ups can all contribute to managing shedding effectively. While you might still find some dog hair around your home, these strategies can significantly reduce the volume and help you keep your home cleaner.

Ultimately, the joys of owning a Border Collie far outweigh the challenges of managing their shedding. With a little effort and understanding, you can ensure your Border Collie’s coat stays healthy and beautiful, and your bond with them continues to grow stronger.

Read Next: Do Border Collies Like Water? A Splashy Bond?

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