Dog with Period Cramps

How To Relieve Dog Period Cramps: Natural & Conventional Treatments [2023]

This article aims to provide comprehensive advice on how to relieve dog period cramps, a common issue that female dogs can experience, often leading to signs of pain and affecting their normal activities.

As a pet parent, it can be distressing to see your furry friend, whether a new puppy or an older dog, experiencing discomfort during their heat cycle.

Do Dogs Get Period Cramps?

Yes, just like humans experience menstruation, dogs also go through a reproductive cycle, often referred to as the heat cycle. During this period, dogs may exhibit signs of discomfort, similar to menstrual cramps or period pain in humans.

This condition, known as dysmenorrhea, can cause abdominal pain, joint pain, and other health issues.

Understanding and addressing the issue of dog period cramps is essential for maintaining the overall well-being of your canine friends. The good news is that there are several ways to relieve and prevent dog period cramps, including natural remedies and pain relievers.

Understanding the Canine Menstrual Cycle

Understanding the canine menstrual cycle is very important for pet parents. It not only helps you comprehend the changes your furry friend goes through but also enables you to provide the necessary care and attention during this period.

The Heat Cycle in Dogs

The heat cycle, also known as the estrous cycle, is the period when female dogs can get pregnant. This cycle typically occurs twice a year and lasts for about 2-4 weeks. It’s divided into four stages: proestrus, estrus, diestrus, and anestrus.

During the proestrus stage, your dog may experience bloody discharge, and potential suitors may start showing interest. However, she will not be receptive to mating at this point.

The estrus stage is when she is receptive to mating. The diestrus stage follows, during which pregnancy occurs if mating was successful. Finally, the anestrus stage is a period of sexual inactivity before the next heat cycle begins.

Signs of Pain During the Heat Cycle

While not all dogs show signs of pain during their heat cycle, some may exhibit certain symptoms. These can include restlessness, loss of appetite, and changes in behavior such as increased aggression or anxiety. Physical signs can include a swollen vulva, bloody discharge, and frequent urination.

Some dogs may also show signs of abdominal pain, such as arching the back, reluctance to move, or whimpering when the belly is touched. If your dog shows any of these signs, it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian for professional advice.

How Dogs Experience Discomfort During Menstruation

Just like humans, dogs can experience discomfort during their menstrual cycle. This can manifest as mild discomfort to severe pain, depending on the individual dog. Some dogs may become more lethargic, while others may become more anxious or agitated.

Physical discomfort can include bloating, tenderness in the abdominal area, and general malaise. Some dogs may also experience changes in appetite, either eating more or less than usual.

It’s important to monitor your dog closely during this time and provide extra care and attention to help them through this difficult time.

The Role of Hormone Levels in the Menstrual Cycle

Hormones play a crucial role in the canine menstrual cycle. The primary hormones involved are estrogen and progesterone.

Estrogen levels rise during the proestrus stage, causing the uterus to prepare for potential pregnancy. This hormone also causes the physical changes associated with the heat cycle, such as a swollen vulva and bloody discharge.

Progesterone levels rise during the estrus stage and remain high during the diestrus stage, especially if the dog is pregnant. This hormone helps maintain pregnancy by promoting the growth of the uterine lining and suppressing the immune system to prevent the body from rejecting the developing embryos.

Understanding these hormonal changes can help pet parents better understand their dog’s behavior and physical changes during the heat cycle. It can also help in identifying any potential issues or abnormalities that may require veterinary attention.

How To Relieve Dog Period Cramps

There are both conventional and natural remedies that you can try if you believe your dog is suffering from period cramps.

These methods aim to provide pain relief and improve your dog’s comfort during their heat cycle.

Conventional Methods

Here are some conventional methods to help provide your dog relief:

Increase Their Fiber

Increasing your dog’s dietary fiber can help regulate her bowel movements and prevent constipation during her period. A diet high in fiber can also help keep her feeling full and reduce the likelihood of her overeating, which can lead to weight gain and affect her body weight.

To increase your dog’s fiber intake, consider adding some healthy, high-fiber foods to her diet, such as cooked green beans, carrots, sweet potatoes, and pumpkin.

You can also add a small amount of canned pumpkin to her food, which can help with digestive issues and provide additional fiber.

Make sure to introduce any new foods gradually and in small amounts to avoid upsetting your dog’s stomach. Also, be sure to monitor her bowel movements and adjust her diet as needed to ensure she’s getting enough fiber to stay regular and comfortable during her period.

Massage Their Abdomen

Massaging the abdomen is a simple and effective way to relieve cramps and discomfort in dogs experiencing their heat cycle. Massaging the abdominal area can help to relax the muscles in the uterus and reduce inflammation, which can ease the pain and discomfort associated with menstrual cramps.

To massage your dog’s abdomen, start by placing your hands gently on her belly, just behind the rib cage. Use a circular motion with your hands to massage the area, moving in a clockwise direction. Apply gentle pressure, but be careful not to press too hard, as this can cause discomfort.

Pay attention to your dog’s reactions while you massage her. If she appears to be uncomfortable or pulls away, stop the massage and try a different approach. You can also try massaging the lower back and hips, as this can help to release tension in the muscles around the uterus.

In addition to providing physical relief, massaging your dog’s abdomen can also offer emotional support and help to calm her during this stressful time. Make sure to talk to your dog in a soothing voice while you massage her, and offer plenty of cuddles and affection.

This will help to strengthen the bond between you and your dog and make her feel more comfortable during her heat cycle.

Give Them A Warm Bath

A warm bath can be a great natural remedy for period cramps. The heat can help relax your dog’s muscles and relieve any tension or discomfort they may be experiencing. This can be particularly beneficial if your dog also suffers from joint pain or chronic pain.

To give your dog a warm bath, fill a bathtub or basin with warm water (not too hot) and add a mild, dog-friendly shampoo. Gently place your dog in the water and use a cup or a showerhead to wet their entire body. Be sure to avoid getting water in their ears or eyes.

You can massage your dog’s belly and back during the bath to help ease their cramps. Also, make sure to talk to your dog in a calm and reassuring voice to help them relax.

Once your dog has been thoroughly washed, carefully lift them out of the bath and wrap them in a warm towel. Dry them off gently, paying special attention to their belly and paws.

If your dog is not a fan of baths, you can also try using a warm, damp towel to wipe them down instead. This will still provide some relief to their cramps while avoiding the stress of a full bath.


Exercise can be beneficial in reducing period cramps in dogs. Moderate exercise, such as short walks or play sessions, can help relieve tension and anxiety, increase blood flow, and promote overall relaxation.

It can also help your dog burn off excess energy, making them feel calmer and more comfortable during their heat.

However, it’s important to note that excessive exercise or high-intensity activities should be avoided during this time. These can put additional strain on your dog’s body and potentially worsen the cramping.

Always pay attention to your dog’s cues and energy levels, and adjust the exercise routine accordingly.

Another note, if you take your dog outside for walks or playtime during their heat, make sure they are always on a leash and kept away from other dogs.

Unneutered male dogs can become aggressive or overly interested in a female dog in heat, which can cause stress and discomfort for your dog.

Try A Heating Pad

Another effective way to provide relief to your dog during their period cramps is by placing a dog-specific heating pad under their belly. This can help to relax their uterine muscles and improve blood flow throughout their body, reducing the discomfort they may be feeling.

It’s important to use a heating pad designed specifically for dogs, as human heating pads may get too hot and burn your furry friend’s skin. If you don’t have a self-warming pad, you can also use a hot water bottle or make a homemade hot pack by placing a wet and clean kitchen towel in a microwave-safe freezer bag, then heating it in the microwave.

To ensure the heating pad, hot water bottle, or homemade hot pack isn’t too hot for your dog’s skin, wrap it in a cloth, preferably your dog’s favorite blanket. This will provide a comfortable and soothing warmth that your dog can benefit from.

It’s essential to keep an eye on your dog while using a heating pad and remove it after a few minutes to prevent overheating. When providing your dog with a warm and comfortable environment, you can help alleviate their period cramps and make the experience more bearable for them.

Cozy Bed or Resting Spot

When a dog is in heat, she may experience discomfort and fatigue, so providing a comfortable place to rest is crucial to her well-being. Make sure your dog has a cozy bed or crate where she can relax and feel secure.

Consider placing the bed or crate in a quiet, low-traffic area ofyour home. The location should also be away from any drafts or cold air, as dogs in heat may be more sensitive to changes in temperature.

You can also make the resting area more comfortable by adding soft blankets or bedding. Additionally, make sure the area is clean and free of any potential hazards, such as small toys or objects that your dog could choke on.

Providing a comfortable place to rest is not only important for your dog’s physical well-being, but also her emotional well-being.

Resting in a comfortable and secure place can help reduce stress and anxiety, and allow your dog to relax and recover from the discomfort of her period cramps.

Natural Remedies

Here are some more natural remedies that you could try:

Hydration and Diet

Maintaining proper hydration and a healthy diet is crucial in helping your dog manage period cramps. During this time, it’s important to ensure that your dog has access to fresh and clean water at all times. Encourage them to drink water regularly, as dehydration can worsen period cramps.

In addition to hydration, a healthy and balanced diet can also help alleviate period cramps in dogs. Consider adding foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants to your dog’s diet, such as salmon, sweet potatoes, and blueberries.

These foods can help reduce inflammation and support overall health.

It’s also important to avoid feeding your dog foods that are high in fat or salt, as they can exacerbate cramps and cause discomfort. Stick to a regular feeding schedule and avoid overfeeding, which can lead to weight gain and increase the risk of health issues.

We will go more in-depth with dietary needs later in the article.

how to relieve dog period cramps

Use A Hot Water Bottle

A hot water bottle can be an effective way to help relieve a female dog’s period cramps. The warmth can help to relax the muscles in the dog’s belly and promote better blood flow throughout the body.

To use a hot water bottle, fill it with hot water (not boiling) and wrap it in a towel or blanket to prevent burning the dog’s skin. Place the hot water bottle underneath the dog’s belly while she is lying down.

Make sure to monitor the temperature of the water bottle, and do not leave it on for too long as it could lead to burns.

If you do not have a hot water bottle, you can also use a self-warming pad or make a homemade hot pack. To make a homemade hot pack, place a clean, wet kitchen towel in a microwave-safe freezer bag and heat the bag in the microwave.

Be sure to wrap the hot pack in a cloth, such as the dog’s favorite blanket, before placing it on the dog’s belly.

It’s important to note that while a hot water bottle can be a helpful tool in relieving dog period cramps, it should not be the only method used.

It’s best to use a combination of different remedies, such as massaging the abdomen, increasing dietary fiber, and providing a comfortable place to rest, to help your furry friend feel better during this uncomfortable time.

Massage or Acupuncture

Massage and acupuncture are two alternative therapies that can be helpful in relieving your dog’s period cramps. Massages can help your dog relax, and a good massage session can release tension in their body and help them forget their cramping worries.

It can also increase blood flow, which can provide general body relief. However, it’s important to pay attention to your dog’s reactions during the massage to ensure that you’re not adding to their discomfort.

Acupuncture, on the other hand, involves inserting fine needles into specific points in your dog’s body. This therapy can help improve blood flow and relax constrictedmuscles. It can also stimulate your dog’s body to release natural anti-stress and pain-relieving chemicals called endorphins.

While acupuncture is safe and effective when done by a qualified veterinarian, it’s important to discuss this option with your vet to ensure it’s appropriate for your dog’s individual needs and health status.

Both massage and acupuncture can be helpful in reducing stress and anxiety in dogs experiencing period cramps. They can also help improve blood flow, reduce muscle tension, and promote relaxation, providing relief from discomfort.

While these alternative therapies may not be for everyone, they can be a great option for dog owners who prefer a more natural approach to relieving their dog’s period cramps.

Give Them Extra Attention

One of the best ways to help your dog with period cramps is by offering them some extra TLC and attention. Dogs can feel very vulnerable during their heat cycle, so providing them with a comforting and reassuring presence can go a long way towards easing their discomfort.

This can involve spending more time with your dog, cuddling with them, and offering them plenty of affection. If your dog seems anxious or stressed, try to calm them down by speaking in soothing tones or using a calm and gentle touch.

You can also try distracting your dog with their favorite activities or toys. This can help take their mind off their discomfort and provide them with a sense of comfort and security.

Remember that every dog is different, so it’s important to pay attention to your dog’s individual needs and personality. Some dogs may prefer to be left alone, while others may want more attention than usual.

When tuning into your dog’s needs, you can provide them with the comfort and support they need to get through their period cramps.

Pain Medication

In rare cases, a dog’s period cramps can be so severe that pain medication may be necessary to alleviate discomfort. However, never give your dog human painkillers without consulting with your veterinarian.

Common over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen can be toxic to dogs and cause serious side effects, such as stomach ulcers, liver damage, and even kidney failure.

Your vet may prescribe safe and effective pain relief medication that is suitable for your dog. It’s important to follow their instructions carefully and give the medication as directed.

Never exceed the recommended dosage or frequency of administration, as this can lead to harmful side effects.

How To Comfort Your Dog During Her Period

Here are some ways you can comfort your dog during her period:

  1. Provide a Comfortable Space: Dogs in heat can become more sensitive, restless, and agitated. To help your dog feel more comfortable, provide her with a cozy and safe space. Ensure that the area is quiet and away from any distractions, such as other dogs, children, or loud noises.
  2. Use Comfortable Bedding: During her period, your dog may experience discomfort or pain, and using comfortable bedding can help to alleviate this. Consider using soft, cushioned bedding that provides support for your dog’s joints and muscles.
  3. Increase the Frequency of Walks: It’s important to take your dog for more frequent walks during her period. Regular exercise can help to reduce stress, anxiety, and restlessness, and it can also help to keep your dog’s mind and body active.
  4. Use Pheromone Products: Pheromone products, such as diffusers, sprays, and collars, can help to soothe and calm your dog during her period. These products contain natural pheromones that are designed to replicate the pheromones that dogs produce to feel calm and relaxed.
  5. Give Your Dog Plenty of Attention: During her period, your dog may require extra attention and care. Spend time with your dog, pet her, talk to her, and give her treats to make her feel loved and appreciated.
  6. Consult with Your Veterinarian: If you notice any unusual or concerning behavior or symptoms, such as excessive bleeding or lethargy, consult with your veterinarian. Your vet can provide advice on how to manage your dog’s period and ensure that she is healthy and comfortable.

Potential Health Issues Related to the Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle in dogs, while a natural biological process, can sometimes be associated with certain health issues. It’s important for pet parents to be aware of these potential problems to ensure their furry friends stay healthy and comfortable during their heat cycle.

The Risk of Chronic Pain in Dogs

While most dogs go through their heat cycle without any significant issues, some may experience chronic pain. This can be due to conditions such as endometriosis, where the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside it.

Chronic pain can significantly affect a dog’s quality of life, leading to changes in behavior, decreased activity, and even depression. If you suspect your dog is suffering from chronic pain, it’s crucial to seek veterinary advice for appropriate pain management strategies.

Blood Flow and Blood Circulation During the Menstrual Cycle

During the menstrual cycle, there’s an increase in blood flow to the uterus. This is a normal part of the process, preparing the uterus for potential pregnancy. However, any disruption in this blood flow or circulation can lead to health issues.

For instance, inadequate blood flow can result in insufficient oxygen and nutrients reaching the uterine tissues, potentially leading to tissue damage. Regular check-ups with your vet can help ensure that your dog’s blood circulation is normal during her menstrual cycle.

The Impact of Menstruation on Joint Health

While it may seem unrelated, the menstrual cycle can have an impact on a dog’s joint health. Hormonal fluctuations during the cycle can affect the ligaments that support the joints, potentially leading to increased joint laxity.

This can be particularly concerning for dogs that already have joint issues, such as hip dysplasia or arthritis. If your dog seems to have increased joint pain or stiffness during her heat cycle, it’s important to consult with your vet.

Potential Side Effects of the Menstrual Cycle in Dogs

The menstrual cycle can also have some side effects in dogs. These can include mood changes, increased appetite, and changes in urination habits. In some cases, dogs may also experience more serious side effects, such as pyometra, a life-threatening condition where the uterus fills with pus.

Another potential side effect is false pregnancy, where a dog shows signs of pregnancy despite not being pregnant. This can include physical changes such as enlarged mammary glands and behavioral changes like nesting behavior.

If you notice any unusual or concerning side effects in your dog during her heat cycle, it’s important to seek veterinary advice.

Dietary Considerations During the Menstrual Cycle

Diet plays a crucial role in managing a dog’s menstrual cycle. Proper nutrition can help alleviate some of the discomfort associated with menstruation and ensure that your dog stays healthy during this period.

The Importance of Hydration and Plenty of Food

Hydration is key during the menstrual cycle. Increased blood flow and hormonal fluctuations can lead to increased fluid needs. Make sure your dog has access to plenty of fresh water at all times to prevent dehydration.

Food intake is also important. Some dogs may experience an increase in appetite during their heat cycle due to hormonal changes. Ensure your dog has plenty of food, but also monitor her intake to prevent overeating and potential weight gain.

A balanced diet rich in protein, fiber, and essential nutrients can help support your dog’s overall health during her menstrual cycle.

Foods to Avoid During the Menstrual Cycle

While it’s important to ensure your dog has enough food, there are certain foods you should avoid during her menstrual cycle. Foods high in salt can lead to fluid retention, exacerbating bloating and discomfort. High-fat foods can lead to weight gain and other health issues.

Also, avoid giving your dog any food that she’s not used to during this time. Sudden changes in diet can lead to digestive issues, adding to her discomfort. Stick to her regular diet as much as possible, and introduce any new foods gradually and in small amounts.

The Role of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Antioxidants

Omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants play a crucial role in your dog’s diet, especially during her menstrual cycle. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in foods like fish and flaxseeds, have anti-inflammatory properties that can help alleviate menstrual discomfort.

Antioxidants, found in fruits and vegetables, can help combat oxidative stress in your dog’s body, promoting overall health. Foods rich in antioxidants include blueberries, spinach, and sweet potatoes.

Including these nutrients in your dog’s diet can help support her health during her menstrual cycle. However, always consult with your vet before making significant changes to your dog’s diet.


There are several ways to help alleviate dog period cramps, including increasing exercise and activity, providing proper nutrition, and using natural remedies like exercise and warm compresses.

These remedies can offer relief for your furry friend and help them manage the discomfort of their menstrual cycle. It’s important to note that while these methods can be effective, if the symptoms persist or become more severe, it’s essential to consult with your veterinarian to rule out any underlying health issues or complications.

When working closely with your vet and taking the necessary steps to address your dog’s period cramps, you can ensure that your furry friend stays happy, healthy, and comfortable during this time.

Scroll to Top