why do australian shepherds howl

Why Do Australian Shepherds Howl? 10 Reasons to Know

If you’re the proud owner of an Australian Shepherd, you’re likely captivated by their intelligence, agility, and striking appearance. But have you ever found yourself puzzled, maybe even a bit concerned, when your Aussie suddenly bursts into a howl?

Knowing why Australian Shepherds howl can offer valuable insights into their behavior, emotions, and even their health. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the various reasons behind this vocal expression, helping you better connect with your four-legged friend.

So, if you’ve ever wondered why your Australian Shepherd is more of a howler than a barker, you’re in the right place. Let’s unravel the mystery together.

The Nature of Howling in Dogs

Before we focus solely on Australian Shepherds, it’s important to grasp the broader context of howling in the canine world. This will help us better understand the specific behaviors of our Aussies.

Howling as a Form of Communication

Howling is one of the oldest forms of canine communication, predating even barking. It serves various purposes, from alerting pack members to a potential threat to signaling loneliness or distress. Understanding the communicative aspect of howling can help you decode what your Australian Shepherd is trying to tell you.

Howling in Wild Dogs vs. Domesticated Dogs

While wild dogs often use howling as a means to communicate across long distances, domesticated dogs like your Australian Shepherd have adapted this behavior for different reasons.

Whether it’s to get your attention or respond to environmental sounds, the howling of a domesticated dog carries its own set of meanings that differ from their wild counterparts.

Main Reasons Why Australian Shepherds Howl

Now that we’ve covered the general nature of canine howling, let’s zoom in on the specific reasons why Australian Shepherds howl. This will give you a more targeted understanding of your Aussie’s behavior.


One of the primary reasons Australian Shepherds howl is to communicate. Let’s break down the various messages your Aussie might be trying to convey.

1. Feeding Time

Your Aussie may howl to let you know it’s time for their meal. This vocal cue is their way of saying, “I’m hungry, let’s eat!”

2. Alerting to Visitors

Howling can also serve as an alert mechanism. If someone is at the door or on your property, your Australian Shepherd might howl to get your attention.

3. Need to Go Outside

If your Aussie needs to relieve themselves, they might howl to signal that it’s time for a quick trip outside.

4. Expressing Boredom or Frustration

Sometimes, Australian Shepherds howl out of boredom or frustration. This is their way of saying they need more mental or physical stimulation.

Responding to Similar Sounds

Australian Shepherds often howl in response to certain sounds in their environment. Let’s explore what these sounds might be.

5. Reaction to Sirens

The sound of a siren passing by can trigger your Aussie to howl, possibly because they think it’s another dog calling out.

6. Reaction to Babies Crying

Some Australian Shepherds howl in response to the sound of a baby crying. This could be a form of empathy or an instinctual reaction.

Stress and Anxiety

Howling can also be a sign of stress or anxiety in your Australian Shepherd.

7. Signs of Stress in Your Aussie

If your dog is howling and showing other signs of stress, such as pacing or trembling, it’s worth paying attention to what might be causing this behavior.

How to Address Stress-Related Howling

There are various ways to manage stress-induced howling, from behavioral training to creating a more comfortable environment for your Aussie.

Playful Howling

Not all howling is serious; sometimes it’s just for fun.

8. Howling When Excited

Your Aussie might howl out of sheer excitement, especially when they see you after a long day or before going for a walk.

9. Howling During Playtime

During play, Australian Shepherds may howl to express their joy and engagement in the activity.

Health Issues

Sometimes, howling can be a sign of underlying health issues.

10. Howling Due to Pain

If your Australian Shepherd is howling and seems to be in discomfort, it could be a sign of physical pain.

When to Consult a Veterinarian

If the howling persists and is accompanied by signs of distress or physical discomfort, it’s a good idea to consult a veterinarian for a thorough check-up.

Observing Your Aussie When Howling

Understanding why Australian Shepherds howl is just one part of the equation. Observing your Aussie’s body language and the timing of their howls can offer even more insights into what they’re trying to communicate.

Importance of Body Language

Your Australian Shepherd’s body language can provide valuable clues about the reason behind their howling. For example, raised ears or a wagging tail may indicate excitement, while a lowered posture could signify stress or discomfort.

Time and Frequency of Howling

Paying attention to when and how often your Aussie howls can also be revealing. Frequent howling at specific times, like when you’re about to leave the house, could indicate separation anxiety, while occasional howling might be more situational.

How to Manage Howling Behavior

So you’ve observed your Australian Shepherd’s howling habits and have some idea of why they’re doing it. The next step is figuring out how to manage this behavior effectively.

Rule Out Health Issues

Before taking any corrective measures, it’s wise to rule out any potential health issues that could be causing the howling.

Veterinary Consultation

If your Aussie’s howling is accompanied by signs of discomfort or distress, a visit to the veterinarian is a good first step to rule out medical issues.

Daily Needs and Mental Stimulation

Meeting your Australian Shepherd’s daily needs can go a long way in reducing unnecessary howling.

Exercise Requirements

A well-exercised Aussie is less likely to howl out of boredom or frustration. Make sure your dog gets enough physical activity each day.

Mental Stimulation Activities

Engaging your Aussie’s mind can also help. Puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games can keep them mentally stimulated and less likely to howl.

Your Reaction to Howling

How you react to your Aussie’s howling can either encourage or discourage the behavior.

Avoiding Positive Reinforcement for Howling

Be cautious not to inadvertently reward your dog for howling. For example, if they howl and you immediately give them attention, they may learn to associate howling with positive outcomes.

Training Techniques to Reduce Howling

Training methods like the “quiet” command or redirecting their attention can be effective ways to manage howling behavior.


We’ve journeyed through the various reasons why Australian Shepherds howl, from communication cues to emotional states and even health concerns. We’ve also explored practical ways to manage this behavior.

Understanding your Aussie’s howling is more than just solving a noisy mystery; it’s about deepening the bond between you and your four-legged friend. So the next time your Aussie lets out a howl, you’ll be well-equipped to understand what they’re trying to say. Happy howling!

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